Bunions themselves can be painful, but here are a few problems that are associated with bunions, which you might get. But ultimately they all can be preventable.
This occurs mainly at the big toe joint. You need 67 degrees of movement within the big toe to effectively walk properly. If your toe joint doesn't give you that then your body will get it from somewhere else. Joint compensation then leads to more unlocking of the foot and a foot that becomes worse over time.
As you walk that joint is just getting hammered each time, whack after whack. Also if you wear heels, then you push your heel up and push that big toe joint down- reducing more movement.
You can get various insoles that help with cushioning but reducing the heel height is a good idea. Cushioning insoles are not ones that are material based but are gel based, as these are more likely to retain their "spring".
Bunions cause the big toe and the little toe (as seen in the above picture) to push outward- it is because the big and little toe have a wide range of motion whilst the 2-4 toes are held in a block.
The above picture above clearly shows rubbing red marks on most of the toe tops and on the outside of the 1 and 5 toes.
This is mainly due to shoes being too tight and too shallow, you can even notice a corn on the top of the second toe in response to pressure. You can also get corns over the bunion because pressure is causing corns to develop.
And that is what occurs- corns, and with people who are older, ones that have poor circulation and poor healing abilities corns and ulcerations are common.
What happens is that the foot is too immobile, remember before, the causes of bunions section stated that excessive pronation is a major causative factor of bunions- and this is the body's response- to claw the toes. To try and stabilize itself- which in turn raises the toes.
This can easily be fixed. Wider and deeper shoes. For some of the pictures here some shoewear shops will not sell the bigger widths or depths that are needed.
To check to see if your foot is the right size for your shoe do the following: In the afternoon stand on a piece of paper. Draw around your foot and then cut out the tracing. Take that tracing to your shoe shop and place it in shoes that you like. If it ruffles, then it is not the right shoe for you.
Never use corn plasters as they can make the situation much worse.
You can also get the big toe going over or under the second toe. Some people try to press it down, but dont. Getting deeper shoes to compensate for it. In some special instances some people have the second toe removed as it causes more problems and issues with it there.
This is a very common problem and can be seen quite clearly above.
What happens is 2 fold. As we get older sometimes our fat pad which covers the balls of our feet migrates north, just under our toes. It doesn't disappear (unless you have a frail foot) it moves.
Those toes which claw (as mentioned above) push down and make the balls of your foot more prominent. In doing so leaves the foot open to excessive pressure- the body realizes this and lays down callus to help improve the situation. Unfortunately it adds as extra pressure so the body puts down more callus- and the procedure repeats. Corns can also be come present over time.
Treatment is simple- replace the fatty pad. But we can't (unless you have plastic surgery to the area). So adding a cushioning insole into your shoes will help. Get the corns (if any) sorted out by a Chiropodist.
Adding moisturizing cream softens the area but will not remove the hard skin.
Sometimes mistakes for fungus nails (they can occur but usually secondary to a normal thickening of the nail) they occur because of the toes clawing. Clawing pushes the nails into the floor and then trauma to the nail creates a mechanism which thickens up the nail to stop it being traumatized.
Unfortunately there is no real way to stop this from occurring. Anti-fungal medication do nothing. Filing down your toenails when they are dry is a common treatment method. Also going to a Chiropodist to "thin" down the nails is also very common.Bunion treatment